What are locators in Selenium WebDriver?

The different locators in Selenium are as follows:

  1. ID. IDs are the safest, fastest locator option and should always be your first choice.
  2. CSS and Name selectors. Faster than XPath.
  3. XPath locators. Most flexible in order to build reliable web element locators.

Secondly, what is XPath locator in selenium? Using XPath as a Locator Xpath is used to locate a web element based on its XML path. The fundamental behind locating elements using Xpath is the traversing between various elements across the entire page and thus enabling a user to find an element with the reference of another element.

Accordingly, how many locators does selenium WebDriver have?

8 locators

Why CSS is faster than XPath?

CSS selectors perform far better than Xpath and it is well documented in Selenium community. Here are some reasons, Xpath engines are different in each browser, hence make them inconsistent. IE does not have a native xpath engine, therefore selenium injects its own xpath engine for compatibility of its API.

Which is the fastest WebDriver?

HTMLUnitDriver. HTML UnitDriver is the most light weight and fastest implementation headless browser for of WebDriver. It is based on HtmlUnit. It is known as Headless Browser Driver.

What is Dom in selenium?

The Document Object Model (DOM), in simple terms, is the way by which HTML elements are structured. Selenium IDE is able to use the DOM in accessing page elements.

Which one is fastest locator in selenium?

Using ID Locator in Selenium WebDriver is the fastest and the most reliable among all the locators. ID’s are supposed to be unique to each element, making the ID locator as a dependable choice.

What is POM selenium?

POM is a design pattern which is commonly used in Selenium for Automating the Test Cases. The Page object is an object-oriented class which acts as an interface for the page of your Application under test. Page class contains web elements and methods to interact with web elements.

How many types of XPath are there?

There are two types of XPath: Absolute XPath. Relative XPath.

How do I select a dropdown in selenium?

Select in Selenium WebDriver. The ‘Select’ class in Selenium WebDriver is used for selecting and deselecting option in a dropdown. The objects of Select type can be initialized by passing the dropdown webElement as parameter to its constructor. How to select an option from drop-down menu?

What are the classes in selenium?

All Classes AbstractAnnotations. AbstractFindByBuilder. AbstractHttpCommandCodec. AbstractHttpCommandCodec.CommandSpec. AbstractHttpResponseCodec. AbstractWebDriverEventListener. AcceptAlert. AcceptedW3CCapabilityKeys.

What are selenium locators?

Locators in Selenium are one of the most powerful commands. Its ideally the building block of the Selenium automation scripts. It helps locate the GUI elements through which multiple user actions can be performed.

Can selenium interact with hidden elements?

Selenium has been specifically written to NOT allow interaction with hidden elements. However, Selenium does allow you to execute Javascript within the context of an element, so you could write Javascript to perform the click event even if it is hidden.

How do you identify elements in selenium?

There are multiple ways to uniquely identify a web element/elements within the web page such as ID, Name, Class Name, Link Text, Partial Link Text, Tag Name and XPATH.

How does selenium WebDriver handle mouse events?

How to handle actions class in Selenium Create an object of the Actions class ‘action’ Focus on the element using WebDriver: action. moveToElement(element). build(). Build(). perform() is used to compile and execute the actions class. Use the different methods under the actions class to perform various operations like click(), drag and drop and so on.

What is TestNG framework?

TestNG is an automation testing framework in which NG stands for “Next Generation”. TestNG is inspired from JUnit which uses the annotations (@). Using TestNG you can generate a proper report, and you can easily come to know how many test cases are passed, failed and skipped.

What is Xpath and its types?

Various types of X-path: Xpath are of two types as follows. Absolute Xpath: It is the most straight forward way of locating a web element but the demerit for the absolute Xpath is that it gets failed when there are any changes made in the Xpath of the web element on the HTML document.