What is operating system long answer?

An operating system (or OS) is a group of computer programs, including device drivers, kernels, and other software that lets people interact with a computer. It manages computer hardware and software resources. It provides common services for computer programs. Some also give the user an interface to use a computer.

An Operating System (OS) is an interface between a computer user and computer hardware. An operating system is a software which performs all the basic tasks like file management, memory management, process management, handling input and output, and controlling peripheral devices such as disk drives and printers.

Additionally, what is OS in simple words? An operating system, or “OS,” is software that communicates with the hardware and allows other programs to run. Every desktop computer, tablet, and smartphone includes an operating system that provides basic functionality for the device. Common desktop operating systems include Windows, OS X, and Linux.

People also ask, what is operating system with example?

Examples of Operating Systems Some examples include versions of Microsoft Windows (like Windows 10, Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Vista, and Windows XP), Apple’s macOS (formerly OS X), Chrome OS, BlackBerry Tablet OS, and flavors of the open source operating system Linux.

What is OS and its types?

Following are some of the most widely used types of Operating system.

  • Simple Batch System.
  • Multiprogramming Batch System.
  • Multiprocessor System.
  • Desktop System.
  • Distributed Operating System.
  • Clustered System.
  • Realtime Operating System.
  • Handheld System.

How do operating systems work?

The operating system’s job Your computer’s operating system (OS) manages all of the software and hardware on the computer. Most of the time, there are several different computer programs running at the same time, and they all need to access your computer’s central processing unit (CPU), memory, and storage.

What are the characteristics of operating system?

Features of Operating System Allows disk access and file systems Device drivers Networking Security. Program Execution. Memory management Virtual Memory Multitasking.

What are the objectives of an operating system?

Objectives of Operating System To make the computer system convenient to use in an efficient manner. To hide the details of the hardware resources from the users. To provide users a convenient interface to use the computer system.

What is the meaning of CPU?

CPU (pronounced as separate letters) is the abbreviation for central processing unit. Sometimes referred to simply as the central processor, but more commonly called a processor, the CPU is the brains of the computer where most calculations take place.

What is an operating system short note?

An operating system (or OS) is a group of computer programs, device drivers, kernels, and other software that let people interact with a computer. It manages computer hardware and software resources. It makes sure that all the programs can use the CPU, system memory, displays, input devices, and other hardware.

What is an operating system in short answer?

1.What is an operating system? An operating system is a program that manages the computer hardware. it act as an intermediate between a users of a computer and the computer hardware. It controls and coordinates the use of the hardware among the various application programs for the various users.

What do you mean by BIOS?

BIOS (basic input/output system) is the program a personal computer’s microprocessor uses to get the computer system started after you turn it on. It also manages data flow between the computer’s operating system and attached devices such as the hard disk, video adapter, keyboard, mouse and printer.

How many types of OS are there?

Computer Operating systems can be broadly classified into two types: Normal Operating System. Real Time Operating System.

What is the basic concept of an operating system?

An Operating System (OS) is an interface between a computer user and computer hardware. An operating system is a software which performs all the basic tasks like file management, memory management, process management, handling input and output, and controlling peripheral devices such as disk drives and printers.

What is an operating system give 2 examples?

Some examples include versions of Microsoft Windows ( (like Windows 10,Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Vista, and Windows XP), Apple’smacOS (formerly OS X), iOS, Chrome OS, BlackBerry Tablet OS, and flavors of the open source operating system Linux.

What do you mean by kernel?

A Kernel is the central part of an operating system. It manages the operations of the computer and the hardware, most notably memory and CPU time. There are five types of kernels: A micro kernel, which only contains basic functionality; A monolithic kernel, which contains many device drivers.

What do you mean by booting?

Introduction. Booting is a startup sequence that starts the operating system of a computer when it is turned on. A boot sequence is the initial set of operations that the computer performs when it is switched on. Every computer has a boot sequence.

What do you mean by icons?

1) In a computer’s graphical user interface ( GUI ), an icon (pronounced EYE-kahn ) is an image that represents an application, a capability, or some other concept or specific entity with meaning for the user. An icon is usually selectable but can also be a nonselectable image such as a company’s logo.